Quotepedia: Aristotle

The educated differ from the uneducated as much as the living from the dead. – Aristotle

Mir Masood.
Assistant Professor in Chemistry
Higher Education Department.
Govt. of J & K +919596225053

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State of Higher Education in J & K.

A culture of rote learning, lack of application of knowledge and a poor examination system have undermined our higher education. The system is not fostering critical thinking,innovative use of knowledge, problem solving skills, nor are the students taught to face the real life problems. Our study focuses on testing our memory capacity. We are so worried about test scores and in this way we have narrowed the scope of education thus devaluing the credibility of a degree and wasting the best human talent. Further the component of moral education is also missing as our education is blindly directed towards the materialistic end, which is degrading our moral standards and weakening the social fabric of our society. The common entrance test (CET) and the AIEEE examination badly affect the science academics in the colleges as most of the candidates register in the colleges for BSc classes but never turn up till these exams are over. These students have huge shortage of attendance and they are never being stopped for appearing in the university examinations. I remember that when I was in GDC Sopore in 1997-2001 we used to monitor the attendance of our students and send reports to the principal and next day their parents were notified about their wards attendance shortage. This component is now missing and it has emboldened the students and the parents that even if they fail on other fronts, they can still manage to appear for university exams and get a degree. We cannot discourage these students on this front of appearing in the competitive exams but we need to shift these exams in Jan, Feb or March so that students have the option to attend the college in a regular manner. There is a disappointment among the students that there are no better prospects in obtaining an academic degree. So they lack vigor and zest to take serious academics in the colleges. Probably we need to have special cells in our colleges for counseling these guys and make them clear that more 60% jobs available every year in India or in J&K state, require a graduate qualification which includes prestigious IAS, IFS and KAS competitive exams. How good future a graduate will have if he qualifies IAS, IFS or KAS just after coming out from an academic college at a young age? They also need to be told that there are other ways of building ones career through academics and research etc. In my classroom lectures I have always been spending few minutes telling students about the bright future they will have if they pursue serious academics in the college. Apart from this, our universities have to come out with syllabi which are job-oriented and which will reduce the wide gap between industries and academic institutions. There should be an interface between society, industry and educational institutions. There is a need to design and propose new courses to see the emerging global trends and to meet all professional requirements. The new syllabi so formed must have long term prospects. But it must not be done at the cost of academic subjects. The academic subjects like the arts and sciences have not become redundant even in the most developed countries. These subjects provide the rigorous academic training that enable students to succeed across a number of fields later in life. Further there is a need to develop some of the existing top colleges into model colleges with two principals, one each for administration and academics so that administration and academics are run with the same pace and perfection. Let their be all kinds of facilities like internet, LCD projectors, well-equipped laboratories, other aids and special cells for career counseling and coaching etc and a comfortable atmosphere where we can create and share Knowledge. In order to make it meaningful, admissions in these colleges should be restricted through competitive test.I am sure that in just in 3-4 years time there will be a great improvement on the quality of teaching, interaction and research and we will reap a good harvest by producing quality graduates and in the course of time it will percolate down to other colleges. Apart from this, the college principals have to opt for NAAC inspection and urge the Govt to implement the findings of NAAC in letter and spirit. The National Accreditation and Assessment Committee (NAAC) is an autonomous body established by UGC to assess and accredit institutions of higher education and to standardize them. There is an old saying that “A group of horses led by a lion can defeat a group of lions led by a horse”. The successful operation of an educational institution requires energetic and competent administrators who can really turn around the things. In the whole process of college education, the college principals are the pivot on which the whole system turns. They set the academic tone and work actively with teachers to develop and maintain high curriculum standards, evaluate the functioning of its own staff – teaching and non-teaching, monitor students educational progress, establish performance goals and objectives, manage career counseling. They visit classrooms, observe teaching methods, handle student discipline and attendance problems.
Over a period of time, there have been reports that administrative mismanagement, personalized dealings, indiscipline, polarization of staff, lobbyism and apathy towards students are creating a passive and non-vibrant environment for academics which is actually rotting the whole system. The root cause lies in the lack of leadership qualities in the administrators. This is where the Govt may contribute positively by bringing in more precision in the appointment of college principals. There is a need to change the precedence of appointing the college principles by the state PSC where the large weightage is placed on seniority of a person. Let there be descriptive written examination and guidance of UGC rules for selecting college principals so that only appropriate people get the chance to come forward. Further these administrators must be given a chance to visit the top academic and professional intuitions of India and stay there to obtain the first hand knowledge about the latest trends in academics and administration. Over the years the Higher Education Department J&K, has assumed a very gigantic size and the system is now a large complex body dealing sensitive issues. We have reached a point where the need for bringing about radical changes in its structure can no longer be ignored. We need to have Higher Education Commission with members and a chairman to reorganize it academically and administratively. There should be a concern over the quality of education in our higher educational intuitions and its relevance today. It is therefore, highly desirable that educationists, academicians, bureaucrats and politicians sit together, discuss these present issues on education and share experiences and contemplate on ingenious solutions of provide quality education. We need to think how we can have best universities, colleges, renowned scholars, innovative principals, passionate teachers and gifted students so that we can form best human capital to shape the future of our society.

Mir Masood.
Assistant Professor in Chemistry
Higher Education Department.
Govt. of J & K +919596225053

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State of Higher Education in J & K.

The importance of education is best described by a famous Chinese proverb “If you want to think one year ahead, plant rice, If you want to think 10 years ahead, plant trees, But if you want to think 100 years ahead, give education to people.” Best education is a guarantee for durable peace, progress, prosperity, integrity and honesty. The school is one of the most important formal agencies of education which plays major role in molding the ideas, habits and attitudes of a child with a view to produce well balanced personalities. Higher education is an important stage in the ladder-type continuum of education. The definition of higher education includes a hierarchy of institutions and programs. Central universities, state universities, private universities, IITs, NIETs, IIMs and various colleges offering general, specialized or professional education, occupy the spectrum of higher education. It is at the level of higher education that one’s shaping and sharpening into a quality human resource actually takes place. Just like we have high resolving power telescopes which can distinguish the constituents of a double star in space and a microscope of high resolving power which can distinguish germs from its surroundings, the basic objective of higher education is to increase this mental resolving power of the human mind and add real value to human resources to produce scientists, intellectuals, leaders, wealth creators and administrators who shape the future of our society. Today everybody seems to be after quality education and great talks, research papers in conferences, seminars and workshops are being presented but the reality is different. Once I was discussing quality higher education with a friend of mine, now a retired college principal and he narrated a humorous story that when he appeared for the principals interview in J&K PSC, some years back, the Chairman during the interview session told him that “how can he amuse us with some joke of his college?” where he was working as acting principal then. He told the panel that “what joke I can tell you …..We have 300 students in the college and among them 250 are Sumo Drivers….. “The whole interview panel burst into a peal of laughter. The huge quantitative expansion in the higher education over the last two decades with 80 degree colleges, 100 private colleges, many universities and dozens of extension centers has thrown us new challenges in terms of declining quality in these institutions in view of the inadequate infrastructure, faculty and other facilities. It appears that even if we meet our targets of higher access and enrollment, even if we spend huge amounts on higher education and even if we open a large number of new colleges, the issue of quality education will continue to hang over. Further, never has a college degree been more important and at the same time never has it been more expensive. With the result that our universities and colleges have remained as factories churning out thousands and thousands of graduates and postgraduates only to be unemployable.

Mir Masood.
Assistant Professor in Chemistry
Higher Education Department.
Govt. of J & K +919596225053

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Sahih bukhari

Volume 9, Book 88, Number 170 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas
A man came to Allah’s Apostle and said, “I saw in a dream, a cloud having shade. Butter and honey were dropping from it and I saw the people gathering it in their hands, some gathering much and some a little. And behold, there was a rope extending from the earth to the sky, and I saw that you (the Prophet) held it and went up, and then another man held it and went up and (after that) another (third) held it and went up, and then after another (fourth) man held it, but it broke and then got connected again.” Abu Bakr said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Let my father be sacrificed for you! Allow me to interpret this dream.” The Prophet said to him, “Interpret it.” Abu Bakr said, “The cloud with shade symbolizes Islam, and the butter and honey dropping from it, symbolizes the Quran, its sweetness dropping and some people learning much of the Qur’an and some a little. The rope which is extended from the sky to the earth is the Truth which you (the Prophet) are following. You follow it and Allah will raise you high with it, and then another man will follow it and will rise up with it and another person will follow it and then another man will follow it but it will break and then it will be connected for him and he will rise up with it. O Allah’s Apostle! Let my father be sacrificed for you! Am I right or wrong?” The Prophet replied, “You are right in some of it and wrong in some.” Abu Bakr said, “O Allah’s Prophet! By Allah, you must tell me in what I was wrong.” The Prophet said, “Do not swear.”

Image Volume 9, Book 88, Number 171 :
Narrated by Samura bin Jundub
Allah’s Apostle very often used to ask his companions, “Did anyone of you see a dream?” So dreams would be narrated to him by those whom Allah wished to tell. One morning the Prophet said, “Last night two persons came to me (in a dream) and woke me up and said to me, ‘Proceed!’ I set out with them and we came across a man Lying down, and behold, another man was standing over his head, holding a big rock. Behold, he was throwing the rock at the man’s head, injuring it. The rock rolled away and the thrower followed it and took it back. By the time he reached the man, his head returned to the normal state.The thrower then did the same as he had done before. I said to my two companions, ‘Subhan Allah! Who are these two persons?’ They said, ‘Proceed!’ So we proceeded and came to a man Lying flat on his back and another man standing over his head with an iron hook, and behold, he would put the hook in one side of the man’s mouth and tear off that side of his face to the back (of the neck) and similarly tear his nose from front to back and his eye from front to back. Then he turned to the other side of the man’s face and did just as he had done with the other side. He hardly completed this side when the other side returned to its normal state. Then he returned to it to repeat what he had done before. I said to my two companions, ‘Subhan Allah! Who are these two persons?’ They said to me, ‘Proceed!’ So we proceeded and came across something like a Tannur (a kind of baking oven, a pit usually clay-lined for baking bread).” I think the Prophet said, “In that oven t here was much noise and voices.” The Prophet added, “We looked into it and found naked men and women, and behold, a flame of fire was reaching to them from underneath, and when it reached them, they cried loudly. I asked them, ‘Who are these?’ They said to me, ‘Proceed!’ And so we proceeded and came across a river.” I think he said, “… red like blood.” The Prophet added, “And behold, in the river there was a man swimming, and on the bank there was a man who had collected many stones. Behold. while the other man was swimming, he went near him. The former opened his mouth and the latter (on the bank) threw a stone into his mouth whereupon he went swimming again. He returned and every time the performance was repeated, I asked my two companions, ‘Who are these (two) persons?’ They replied, ‘Proceed! Proceed!’ And we proceeded till we came to a man with a repulsive appearance, the most repulsive appearance, you ever saw a man having! Beside him there was a fire and he was kindling it and running around it. I asked my companions, ‘Who is this (man)?’ They said to me, ‘Proceed! Proceed!’ So we proceeded till we reached a garden of deep green dense vegetation, having all sorts of spring colors. In the midst of the garden there was a very tall man and I could hardly see his head because of his great height, and around him there were children in such a large number as I have never seen. I said to my companions, ‘Who is this?’ They replied, ‘Proceed! Proceed!’ So we proceeded till we came to a majestic huge garden, greater and better than I have ever seen! My two companions said to me, ‘Go up and I went up’ The Prophet added, “So we ascended till we reached a city built of gold and silver bricks and we went to its gate and asked (the gatekeeper) to open the gate, and it was opened and we entered the city and found in it, men with one side of their bodies as handsome as the handsomest person you have ever seen, and the other side as ugly as the ugliest
person you have ever seen. My two companions ordered those men to throw themselves into the river. Behold, there was a river flowing across (the city), and its water was like milk in whiteness. Those men went and threw themselves in it and then
returned to us after the ugliness (of their bodies) had disappeared and they became in the best shape.” The Prophet further added, “My two companions (angels) said to me, ‘This place is the Eden Paradise, and that is your place.’ I raised up my sight, and behold, there I saw a palace like a
white cloud! My two companions said to me, ‘That (palace) is your place.’ I said to them, ‘May Allah bless you both! Let me enter it.’ They replied, ‘As
for now, you will not enter it, but you shall enter it (one day) I said to them, ‘I have seen many wonders tonight. What does all that mean which I
have seen?’ They replied, ‘We will inform you: As for the first man you came upon whose head was
being injured with the rock, he is the symbol of the one who studies the Quran and then neither recites it nor acts on its orders, and sleeps,
neglecting the enjoined prayers. As for the man you came upon whose sides of mouth, nostrils and eyes were torn off from front to back, he is the symbol of the man who goes out of his house in the morning and tells so many lies that it spreads all over the world. And those naked men
and women whom you saw in a construction resembling an oven, they are the adulterers and the adulteresses;, and the man whom you saw swimming in the river and given a stone to swallow, is the eater of usury (Riba) and the bad looking man whom you saw near the fire kindling
it and going round it, is Malik, the gatekeeper of Hell and the tall man whom you saw in the garden,
is Abraham and the children around him are those children who die with Al-Fitra (the Islamic Faith).” The narrator added: Some Muslims asked the
Prophet, “O Allah’s Apostle! What about the children of pagans?” The Prophet replied, “And also the children of pagans.” The Prophet added, “My two companions added, ‘The men you saw half handsome and half ugly were those persons who had mixed an act that was good with another that was bad, but Allah forgave them.

Mir Masood.
Assistant Professor in Chemistry
Higher Education Department.
Govt. of J & K +919596225053

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged | Leave a comment

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